Sunday, September 19, 2010

LTE World Weekly - LTE World Weekly- Verizon, AT&T: LTE launch on track

NSN signed five-year deal with Telekom Austria, Denmark announced new spectrum auction of 900 and 1800 MHz frequencies this year.

Will Mobile Operators Discontinue Unlimited Data Plans?

source: LteWorld

Sunday, September 12, 2010

Timing Advance (TA) in LTE

In GSM system MS sends its data three time slots after it received the data from the BTS. This is ok as long as MS-BTS distance is small but increasing distance requires consideration of propagation delay as well. To handle it Timing advance (TA) is conveyed by network to MS and current value is sent to the MS within the layer 1 header of each SACCH. BTS calculates the first TA when it receives RACH and reports it to the BSC and BSC/BTS passes it to UE during Immediate Assignment.

In UMTS Timing Advance parameter was not used but in LTE Timing Advance is back.

In LTE, when UE wish to establish RRC connection with eNB, it transmits a Random Access Preamble, eNB estimates the transmission timing of the terminal based on this. Now eNB transmits a Random Access Response which consists of timing advance command, based on that UE adjusts the terminal transmit timing.

The timing advance is initiated from E-UTRAN with MAC message that implies and adjustment of the timing advance.

3GPP TA Requirements

  • Timing Advance adjustment delay

UE shall adjust the timing of its uplink transmission timing at sub-frame n+6 for a timing advancement command received in sub-frame n.

  • Timing Advance adjustment accuracy

The UE shall adjust the timing of its transmissions with a relative accuracy better than or equal to ±4* TS seconds to the signalled timing advance value compared to the timing of preceding uplink transmission. The timing advance command is expressed in multiples of 16* TS and is relative to the current uplink timing.

Maintenance of Uplink Time Alignment

The UE has a configurable timer timeAlignmentTimer which is used to control how long the UE is considered uplink time aligned

  • when a Timing Advance Command MAC control element is received then UE applies the Timing Advance Command and start or restart timeAlignmentTimer.
  • when a Timing Advance Command is received in a Random Access Response message then one of following action is performed by UE

- if the Random Access Preamble was not selected by UE MAC then UE applies the Timing Advance Command and starts or restarts timeAlignmentTimer.

- else if the timeAlignmentTimer is not running then UE applies the Timing Advance Command starts timeAlignmentTimer; when the contention resolution is considered not successful then UE stops timeAlignmentTimer.

- else ignore the received Timing Advance Command.

  • when timeAlignmentTimer expires UE flushes all HARQ buffers, notifies RRC to release PUCCH/SRS and clears any configured downlink assignments and uplink grants.

Timing Advance Command MAC Control Element

The Timing Advance Command MAC control element is identified by MAC PDU subheader with LCID value = 11101 (Timing Advance Command) .

It has a fixed size and it consists of a single octet as show below.

Timing Advance Command MAC control element has following fields.

  • R: reserved bit, set to "0"
  • Timing Advance Command: This field indicates the index value TA (0, 1, 2… 63) used to control the amount of timing adjustment that UE has to. The length of the field is 6 bits.

Source: LteWorld

Saturday, September 4, 2010

LTE World Weekly - Germany nears commercial LTE launch

This week TeliaSonera Sweden launched commercial LTE services in Malmo and Vodafone Germany announced it's expansion plans in Europe. Kenya's Safaricom is set to start LTE trial within next two months.

Alcatel-Lucent claimed industry's first data call using a LTE wireless broadband network operating at Band 14. See links below for more ...

Deutsche Telekom showcases LTE at IFA

Telefonica O2 tests LTE in Slovakia

Dog Days of Summer Give Way to an LTE Event Blitz This Fall

While summer is normally a time when people take vacations and major industry announcements are in a lull, we continue to have our plates full researching the rapid pace of technology, product, merger and acquisition activity, and major deployments that proceed at a rapid pace. If there is a second dip recession, it provides little opportunity for the industry to take a breather.

Momentum has accelerated and expectations firmed on a few notable fronts:

Both 3GPP and IEEE have moved rapidly to develop and submit standards according to the requirements of the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) for IMT-Advanced, with strong reliance on advanced wireless architecture methods using increasingly higher order MIMO to achieve needed levels of bandwidth performance while reducing costs of deployment.

The dramatic growth in use and traffic stimulated by Apple iPhone and Android WebPhones, including Sprint/Clearwire’s HTC EVO 4G, and a growing number of WRAN to WiFi mobile HotSpot router devices, has prepared the stage for entry of the first LTE mobile devices.

.... read more at LteWorld